Communication Apprehension, Self-Perceived Communication Competence, and Willingness to Communication in Singapore

Stephen M. Croucher (1) , Dale Hample (2) , Diyako Rahmani (3) , Kari Sakkinen (4)
(1) Department of Communication University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä, Finlan , Finland
(2) Department of Communication at the University of Maryland , Finland
(3) Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä. , Finland
(4) Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä in Finland. , Finland

Abstract

Based in the assertion that different cultures value aspects of communication differently, this study explored the position of Singapore on the continuum of communication apprehension (CA), self-perceived communication competence (SPCC), and willingness to communicate (WTC). Responses were obtained from 209 self-identified ethnic-Chinese born in Singapore and 105 Malay immigrants. The results revealed ethnic-Chinese to have low self-reported CA, while Malays had high CA in comparison to regional neighbors. Malays and ethnic-Chinese both had low WTC and low SPCC levels in comparison to regional neighbors. The findings show a potential “immigrant effect,” as Malay immigrants had much higher CA than ethnic-Chinese. Moreover, further studies on these communication traits should explore ingroup differences in CA, SPCC, and WTC.

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Authors

Stephen M. Croucher
stephen.m.croucher@jyu.fi (Primary Contact)
Dale Hample
Diyako Rahmani
Kari Sakkinen
Author Biographies

Stephen M. Croucher, Department of Communication University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä, Finlan

Stephen Croucher is a Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä. His research studies immigrant cultural adaptation, religion and communication, quantitative methods, and conflict management/conceptualization. He has explored communication traits and behaviors on five continents. He has published widely, in such journals as Communication Monographs, Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, and the International Journal of Conflict Management.

Dale Hample, Department of Communication at the University of Maryland

Dale Hample is a Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Maryland. His research studies how people take conflict personally in interpersonal interactions, the processes of interpersonal arguing, particularly the role of argument frames and emotions in interpersonal exchange, and inventional capacity, or the number of things an individual can say in an interpersonal exchange. He has published widely, in such journals as Communication MonographsArgumentation & AdvocacyArgumentationInformal Logic, and the Journal of Intercultural Communication Research.

Diyako Rahmani, Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä.

Diyako Rahmani is a Doctoral Student Student in the Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä.

Kari Sakkinen, Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä in Finland.

 is a Master’s Student in the Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä.

Croucher, S. M., Hample, D., Rahmani, D., & Sakkinen, K. (2016). Communication Apprehension, Self-Perceived Communication Competence, and Willingness to Communication in Singapore. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 16(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v16i1.708

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