Academic Hyper-mobility and Cosmopolitan Dispositions

Liudmila Kirpitchenko (1)
(1) School of Political and Social Inquiry Monash University , Australia


Academic hyper-mobility provides a chance for exploring intensified intercultural communication encounters and the ever growing spirit of cosmopolitanism. This article hypothesises that in the modern conditions of academic hyper-mobility, cultural patterns play a significant part in framing the processes of communication. The purpose of this research is to examine the role of two differing cultural patterns – collectivism and individualism - in everyday situations of intercultural communication. Qualitative data are drawn from fifteen in-depth interviews conducted among mobile academics from Eastern Europe at the European University Institute in Italy. Several aspects of intercultural dialogue were found to be culturally significant for collectivists and individualists, including: in-group membership, expression of the self, cultural values, and cosmopolitan dispositions. It is a central argument of this article that cosmopolitan dispositions, which include openness to cultural diversity and mutual willingness to engage with new cultural patterns, are critical prerequisites to effective intercultural knowledge transfer and creation of knowledge.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Ang, S. & Van Dyne, L. (eds.) (2008). Handbook of Cultural Intelligence: Theory, Measurement, and Applications Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.

Argyle, M. (1981) Inter-cultural Communication. In M. Argyle (ed.) Social Skills and Work. pp. 172-194. London and New York: Methuen.

Argyle, M. (1982) Inter-cultural Communication. In S. Bochner (ed.) Cultures in Contact: Studies in Cross-Cultural Interaction pp. 61-79. Oxford: Pergamon Press. DOI:

Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.


Berry, J. (1994). Ecology of individualism and collectivism. In U. Kim, H. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S. Choi & G. Yoon (eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method, and applications pp. 77-84. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Berry, J., Poortinga, Y. H., Segall, M. H. & Dasen, P. R. (2002). Cross-cultural psychology : research and applications New York Cambridge University Press.

Borden, G. A. (1991). Cultural Orientation: An Approach to Understanding Intercultural Communication. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press. DOI:

Bourdieu, P. (1986). Forms of Capital. In J. G. Richardson (ed.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, pp. 241-258. New York: Greenwood Press.

Calcutt, L., Woodward, I. & Skrbis, Z. (2009). Conceptualizing otherness: An exploration of the cosmopolitan schema. Journal of Sociology, 45 (2), 169-186. DOI:

Coupland, J., N. Coupland & J.D. Robinson (1992) "How Are You?": Negotiating Phatic Communion. Language in Society. 21, 207-230. DOI:

Fine, R. (2007). Cosmopolitanism. New York, Routledge. DOI:

Florida, R. (2002). The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life Basic Books

Florida, R. (2005). The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent New York: Harper Collins Business

Goleman, D. (1998). Working with Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam Books. DOI:

Gudykunst, W. B., Ting-Toomey, S. & Chua, E. (1988). Culture and Interpersonal Communication. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications.

Hall, Edward T. (1966) The Hidden Dimension. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc.

Hall, Edward T. (1974) Handbook for Proxemic Research. Washington: Savicom.

Hall, Edward T. & Hall, Mildred R. (1990) Understanding Cultural Differences. Yarmouth, Maine: Intercultural Press, Inc.

Hannerz, U. (1996). Transnational connections: culture, people, places. New York: Routledge.

Hernandez Sheets, R. (2005). Diversity Pedagogy: Examining the Role of Culture in the Teaching-Learning Process. Boston: Pearson.

Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviours, Institutions and Organisations across Nations. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Hui, C. H. (1988). Measurement of individualism-collectivism. Journal of Research in Personality, 22, 17-36. DOI:

Hui, C. H. & Triandis, H. C. (1986). Individualism-collectivism: A study of cross-cultural researchers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 17, 225-248. DOI:

Kanagawa, C., Cross, S. E., & Markus, H. R. (2001). "Who am I?" the cultural psychology of the conceptual self. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(1), 90-103. DOI:

Kashima, E. S. & Kashima, Y. (1998). Culture and Language: The Case of Cultural Dimensions and Personal Pronoun Use. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 29(3), 461-486. DOI:

Kendall, G., Woodward, I. & Skrbis, Z. (2009). The Sociology of Cosmopolitanism: Globalization, Identity, Culture and Government. London: Palgrave MacMillan. DOI:

Kim, U., Triandis, H., Kagitcibasi, C., Choi, S. & Yoon, G. (1994). Introduction. In U. Kim, H. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S. Choi & G. Yoon (eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method, and applications pp. 1-16. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Leathers, Dale G. (1997). Successful Nonverbal Communication: Principles and Applications. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Malinowski, B. (1956). The problem of meaning in primitive languages. Supplement in C. K. Ogden, I. A Richards (Eds.) The meaning of meaning: a study of the influence of language upon thought and of the science of symbolism. Pp. 296-336. [10th ed.]. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Markus, H. R. & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98 (April), 224-253. DOI:

Markus, H. R. & Kitayama, S. (1998). The Cultural Psychology of Personality. Journal Of Cross Cultural Psychology, 29 (January), 63-87. DOI:

Peterson, B. (2004). Cultural Intelligence: A Guide to Working with People from Other Cultures. Yarmouth, Maine: Intercultural Press.

Skrbis, Z. & Woodward, I. (2007). The Ambivalence of Ordinary Cosmopolitanism: Investigating the Limits of Cosmopolitan Openness. Sociological Review, 55(4), 730-747. DOI:

Triandis, H. C. (1988). Cross-Cultural Training across the Individualism-Collectivism Divide. International journal of intercultural relations, 12 (3), 269-289. DOI:

Triandis, H. C. (1993). Collectivism and individualism as cultural syndromes. Cross-Cultural Research, 27, 155-180. DOI:

Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Triandis, H. C. (2009). Culture and Conflict. In L. A. Samovar, R. E. Porter & E. R. McDaniel (eds.), Intercultural Communication: A Reader, pp. 18-27. Boston: Wadsworth Centage Learning.

Triandis, H. C., McCusker, C. & Hui, C. H. (1990). Multimethod probes of individualism and collectivism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(5), 1006-1020. DOI:

Urry, J. (2000). The Global Media and Cosmopolitanism. Transnational America Conference: Bavarian American Academy, Munich: Lancaster University, UK.


Liudmila Kirpitchenko (Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Liudmila Kirpitchenko, School of Political and Social Inquiry Monash University

Dr. Liudmila Kirpitchenko completed a Ph.D. in Sociology, Monash University in 2010. Liudmila’s Ph.D. thesis is entitled: "Academic Mobility and Intercultural Dialogue: Eastern European Migrants in Australia, Canada and Italy". Liudmila co-authored (with Andrew Markus) book chapters on conceptualizing social cohesion and has published in refereed international conference proceedings. Previously, she worked at the Department of Canadian Heritage in Ottawa (Canada) and authored multiple research studies on cultural diversity, social inclusion, citizenship of immigrants, cultural participation and cultural industries. Liudmila holds a B.A. Highest Honours in Languages, M.A. in Linguistics from Kiev Linguistic University (Ukraine) and an M.A. in Central/East European and Russian-Area Studies from Carleton University (Canada).

Kirpitchenko, L. (2011). Academic Hyper-mobility and Cosmopolitan Dispositions. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 11(3), 1–13.

Article Details

Smart Citations via scite_
  • Abstract 76
  • Download PDF 52