Covering the war in Iraq: Frame choices in American and German national newspapers

Sabine Wilhelm (1)
(1) Department of Mass Communication/Media Studies, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany , Germany

Abstract

Coverage during conflicts with threatening potential put a pressing note on accurate information about and interpretation of events. When delivering news worldwide, national spotlights as well as cross-cultural notions are set to create unique themes of interest. Those frames - offered by mass media - are vital organizing concepts to establish public agendas. The ambiguously perceived warfare on Iraq was chosen to identify differences in American and German newspaper reports. Using a quantitative content analysis, following focuses could be examined: (a) The basal organization of war-related frames in articles, and furthermore (b) formal and linguistic disparities. Results of the pilot study show that only slight variances emerge in formal characteristics (format, images). However, the linguistic analysis of frame choices (variety, war motives, evaluation of political leaders and usage of stereotyped terms) revealed to be an expandable indicator for intercultural and intra-national discrepancies.

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Authors

Sabine Wilhelm
sa.wi@web.de (Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Sabine Wilhelm, Department of Mass Communication/Media Studies, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany

Sabine Wilhelm (M.A.) studied mass communication/media studies at the Friedrich-Schiller-University in Jena (Germany) with the minor field of study in history of economics and social life and social psychology since October 1999. From August 2002 to May 2003, she advanced her studies in Advertising and Public Relations for two semesters at the Southeast Missouri State University/Cape Girardeau (U.S.). Furthermore, involvement in many study projects concerning the impact of news values in mass media. Sabine Wilhelm graduated in October 2004 at the Friedrich-Schiller-University in Jena.
Research focus: impact of mass media/journalism on international conflicts; media research methods (content analysis, survey)

Wilhelm, S. (2005). Covering the war in Iraq: Frame choices in American and German national newspapers. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 5(3), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v5i3.415

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