Delivering A Good Speech by Identifying the Interpersonal Meaning Found in Joe Biden’s Victory Speech: A Case on Systemic Functional Linguistics

Herman Herman, Nanda Saputra, Magdalena Ngongo, Endang Fatmawati


This research aims to classify the interpersonal meaning in Joe Biden’s victory speech. It is an interesting phenomenon because by revealing the interpersonal meaning, people can be assisted to be successful in communication. The researchers used a qualitative research design to answer the research question and chose content analysis since the results of data analysis were in descriptive phenomena, such as words, clauses, and utterances. The research findings showed that mood elements: found 174 subjects and 176 finites. Meanwhile, residue elements found 120 predicators, 133 complements, 9 mood adjuncts, 71 circumstantial adjuncts, 2 comment adjuncts, and 54 conjunctive adjuncts. In addition, the speech function identified 162 Statements, 4 Questions, and 11 Commands. Thus, it is concluded that Joe Biden tended to use finites, in contrast with comment adjuncts, and Statements, in contrast with questions (only 4 questions were found in his speech). This study also showed that the speaker was greatly assisted by using interpersonal meaning to make a good speech.

    Discourse, Good Speech, Interpersonal Meaning, Systemic Functional Linguistics, Speech, Indonesia

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Herman Herman (Primary Contact)
Nanda Saputra
Magdalena Ngongo
Endang Fatmawati
Author Biographies

Herman Herman, Department of English Education, Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematangsiantar, Pematang Siantar, Indonesia

Herman is an Associate Professor and a lecturer at Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematangsiantar, Pematang Siantar, Indonesia. He completed his studying from Doctoral degree from the State University of Medan, Indonesia, in 2020. His interest in reading and writing. His majorities are discourse analysis, multimodal discourse analysis, and applied linguistics.

Nanda Saputra, STIT Al-Hilal Sigli, 10 Perniagaan, 24 114, Aceh, Indonesia

Nanda Saputra is a lecturer at the Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education Study Program, STIT Al-Hilal Sigli Tarbiyah College in Aceh, Indonesia. He is also a postgraduate student in Indonesian language education at Sebelas Maret University.

Magdalena Ngongo, Department of English Education, Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana in Kupang, Indonesia

Magdalena Ngongo has been a lecturer of English teaching at Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana in Kupang since 1998. She is an Associate Professor. She has a background of educational research in linguistics, including culture, ecology of language, and systemic functional linguistics. Besides doing research, she also wrote some books relating to discourse analysis and educational research methods.

Endang Fatmawati, Department of Information and Public Relations, Universitas Diponegoro in Semarang, Indonesia

Endang Fatmawati is a lecturer at the Information and Public Relations Study Program, Faculty of Vocational School, Universitas Diponegoro in Semarang. She is an expert in information, digital business, management, public relations, education, languages, and libraries.

Herman, H., Saputra, N., Ngongo, M., & Fatmawati, E. (2022). Delivering A Good Speech by Identifying the Interpersonal Meaning Found in Joe Biden’s Victory Speech: A Case on Systemic Functional Linguistics. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 22(3), 65–73.

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