Identifying and Resolving Conflicts Using Local Wisdom: A Qualitative Study

Jusmianti Garing (1) , Winci Firdaus (2) , Herianah Herianah (3) , Muhammad Ridwan (4) , Erniati Erniati (5) , Satwiko Budiono (6) , Tonny Donald Pariela (7)
(1) National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia , Indonesia
(2) National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia , Indonesia
(3) National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia , Indonesia
(4) National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia , Indonesia
(5) National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia , Indonesia
(6) National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia , Indonesia
(7) Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia , Indonesia

Abstract

For a long time, Maluku civilization has been heterogeneous. It can be seen in differences in ethnicity, beliefs, language, and culture, creating conflicts. This research intends to identify and resolve conflicts utilizing local wisdom, particularly regional language, and cultural viewpoints. It is a descriptive qualitative study that adopts an ethnolinguistic perspective to analyze data. Data was collected through participatory observation using an interview guide containing open-ended questions. Thirty participants comprised ten women and twenty men, aged 38 to 82 years; they were kings, traditional leaders, religious leaders, police, and conflict victims. Findings show that socio-cultural aspects, i.e., territorial disputes, different perspectives on culture, and youth delinquency, dominate conflicts in Maluku, Indonesia. However, using language in advice, proverbs, pela, gandong, molo, or nyelam as local wisdom can build peace. It indicates a new model for handling conflict in the regional language and culture to maintain security, continuity, and stability.

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Authors

Jusmianti Garing
jusm001@brin.go.id (Primary Contact)
Winci Firdaus
Herianah Herianah
Muhammad Ridwan
Erniati Erniati
Satwiko Budiono
Tonny Donald Pariela
Author Biographies

Jusmianti Garing, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Jusmianti Garing is a researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency Indonesia. She graduated from Radboud of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, with her master’s in arts Faculty. She focuses on doing research in linguistics interdisciplinary, particularly in anthropolinguistics, ethnolinguistics, and sociolinguistics.

Winci Firdaus, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Winci Firdaus is a researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia and a doctoral candidate at Pajajaran University, Bandung, Indonesia. His speciality is linguistics. His writings have resulted in numerous publications in theoretical and applied linguistics fields

Herianah Herianah, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Herianah is a researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia and also a doctoral candidate from State University of Makassar, Indonesia. His speciality is interdisciplinary linguistics. He wrote extensively in the field of stylistics and hermeneutics.

Muhammad Ridwan, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

M. Ridwan is also a researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency in Indonesia. His research focuses mainly on applied linguistics and the teaching of language and literature

Erniati Erniati, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Erniati is a researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency Indonesia. Erniati has written extensively in the fields of sociolinguistics and language documentation

Satwiko Budiono, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Satwiko Budiono is a researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency. Previously, he conducted language and cultural research at the National Agency for Language Development and Cultivation, Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology. Educational background Bachelor of Indonesian Literature and Master of Linguistics specializing in Language and Cultural Studies from the Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia. Has a great interest in local language research in Indonesia, especially language mapping (dialectology), sociolinguistics, lexicography, language revitalization, and endangered languages

Tonny Donald Pariela, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia

Tony Donald Pariela is a professor at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia. His expertise is sociology, and his researchers write about social conflict from a sociological perspective.

Garing, J., Firdaus, W., Herianah, H., Ridwan, M., Erniati, E., Budiono, S., & Pariela, T. D. (2023). Identifying and Resolving Conflicts Using Local Wisdom: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 23(4), 69–81. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v23i3.156

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