Silent but Brewing - Reactive Ethnicity and Interculturality among Chinese Students in Singapore

Qiaolei Jiang (1) , Rajiv George (2) , Arul Chib (3) , Alvin Zhao Yuan (4) , Sie Mun Tan (5) , Lisa Xin Qi Tan (6) , Zhen Wei Woo (7)
(1) Dalian University of Technology, China , China
(2) Nanyang Technological University, Singapore , Singapore
(3) Nanyang Technological University, Singapore , Singapore
(4) Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University , Singapore
(5) School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University. , Singapore
(6) Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University. , Singapore
(7) School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University. , Singapore


The study takes an indirect approach towards the intercultural experience of migrants and explores how they perceive discrimination from host society and in turn stereotype it. Previous studies have highlighted how interculturality facilitates the adaptation of migrants in the host country. This study explores (i) how face-to-face (FTF) and mediated contact and perceived discrimination predict stereotyping, and (ii) how contact, perceived discrimination and stereotyping predict interculturality. A web-based survey was conducted among university students from the People’s Republic of China (n = 585) in Singapore. FTF contact reduced stereotyping better than mediated contact. Perceived discrimination increased stereotyping of the host society by migrants, whereas stereotyping negatively affected interculturality. The study calls for better contact between locals and the migrant population.

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Qiaolei Jiang (Primary Contact)
Rajiv George
Arul Chib
Alvin Zhao Yuan
Sie Mun Tan
Lisa Xin Qi Tan
Zhen Wei Woo
Author Biographies

Qiaolei Jiang, Dalian University of Technology, China

Dr. Qiaolei Jiang is Associate Professor in Dalian University of Technology, China. She has published in peer-reviewed journals like Mass Communication and Society and Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.

Rajiv George, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Mr. Rajiv George Aricat is a Research Associate in Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He investigated the role of mobile phones in the acculturation of migrant workers in Singapore for his PhD. He has published in journals Mobile Media &Communication and Journal of Information Technology &Politics.

Arul Chib, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Dr. Arul Chib is Associate Professor in Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and the Director of Singapore Internet Research Centre. He has published in top-tier journals like New Media & Society, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication and Journal of Health Communication, and published edited volumes with Springer and ISEAS.

Alvin Zhao Yuan, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University

Alvin Zhao Yuan Chia was an undergraduate student at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Sie Mun Tan, School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Sie Mun Tan was an undergraduate student at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Lisa Xin Qi Tan, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Lisa Xin Qi Tan was an undergraduate student at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Zhen Wei Woo, School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Zhen Wei Woo was an undergraduate student at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University.

Jiang, Q., George, R., Chib, A., Yuan, A. Z., Tan, S. M., Tan, L. X. Q., & Woo, Z. W. (2016). Silent but Brewing - Reactive Ethnicity and Interculturality among Chinese Students in Singapore. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 16(1), 1–16.

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