Factors contributing to low levels of intercultural interaction between Japanese and international students in Japan

Liang Morita (1)
(1) Faculty of Communication Nagoya University of Commerce and Business, Japan


This paper is a continuation of the discussion of the results of a series of studies (n=465) in which low levels of intercultural interaction between Japanese and international students were observed. While the analysis of the data in the studies was conducted at a micro level and has been completed, the perspective of the current paper is at a macro level. The low levels of intercultural interaction is a matter of great concern because young Japanese need the experience to function in intercultural contexts. Within Japan, the population is declining and aging rapidly and immigrants are expected to supplement the workforce. Current methods of English language teaching also render the standards of spoken English insufficient for it to function as lingua franca.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Burgess, C. (2013, May 21). Ambivalent Japan turns on its 'insular' youth: system discourages overseas study but students get blame. The Japan Times. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/community/2013/05/21/issues/ambivalent-japan-turns-on-its-insular-youth/

Burgess, C., Gibson, I., Kalphake, J. & Selzer, M. (2010). The 'Global 30' Project and Japanese higher education reform: an example of a 'closing in' or 'opening up'? Globalisation, Societies and Education 8(4), 461-475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2010.537931 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2010.537931

Byram, M. (2011). From foreign language education to education for intercultural citizenship. Intercultural Communication Review 9, 17-35.

Clammer, J. (2001). In but not of the world? Japan, globalization and the 'end of history'. In C. Hay & D. Marsh (Eds.), Demystifying globalization (pp. 147-167). Basingstoke: Palgrave. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230554504_7

Dougill, J. (1995). Internationalization - as if it mattered. In K. Kitao (Ed.), Culture and communication (pp. 61-73). Kyoto: Yamaguchi Shoten.

Goodman, R. (2012). Shifting landscapes: the social context of youth problems in an ageing nation. In R. Goodman, Imoto, Y. & Toivonen, T. (Eds.), A sociology of Japanese youth: from returnees to NEETs (pp. 159-173). London: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203802076

Goodman, R. (2007). The concept of Kokusaika and Japanese educational reform. Globalisation, Societies and Education 5(1), 71-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767720601133413 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14767720601133413

Gottlieb, N. (2005). Language and society in Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511614248

Hashimoto, K. (2009). Cultivating "Japanese who can use English": problems and contradictions in government policy. Asian Studies Review 33, 21-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10357820802716166

Hayashi, H. (2005). Identifying different motivational transitions of Japanese ESL learners using cluster analysis: self-determination perspectives. JACET Bulletin 41, 1-17.

Itoh, M. (2000). Globalization of Japan: Japanese sakoku mentality and U.S. efforts to open Japan. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Kikuchi, K. & Sakai, H. (2009). Japanese learners' demotivation to study English: a survey study. JALT Journal 31(2), 183-204.

Kingston, J. (2013a, May 19). Immigration reform: could this be Abe's new growth strategy? The Japan Times. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2013/05/19/commentary/immigration-reform-could-this-be-abes-new-growth-strategy/#.UtmWPU2CiUk

Kingston, J. (2013b, April 21)). Saving Japan: promoting women's role in the workforce would help. The Japan Times. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2013/04/21/commentary/saving-japan-promoting-womens-role-in-the-workforce-would-help/#.UtmXJk2CiUk

MEXT. (2002). Towards advancement of "academic ability": increased efforts for the secure improvement of "academic ability: efforts by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/hakusho/html/hpac200201/hpac200201_2_015.html

Morita, L. (2014). Do Japanese undergraduates think they will be in an international environment? International Journal of Higher Education 3(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v3n1p58

Morita, L. (2013a). Globalisation, intercultural contexts and the sociocultural component of an English course. Journal of English as an International Language 8(1), 55-68.

Morita, L. (2013b). Japanese university students' attitudes towards globalisation, intercultural contexts and English. World Journal of English Language 3(4). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/wjel.v3n4p31

Morita, L. (2012). English and intercultural interaction in the internationalisation of a Japanese university. Journal of Intercultural Communication 30. http://www.immi.se/intercultural DOI: https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v12i3.607

Morita, L. (2010). The sociolinguistic context of English education in Japan and Singapore. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies. http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/discussionpapers/2010/Morita.html

Nishino, T. (2008). Japanese secondary school teachers' beliefs and practices regarding communicative language teaching: an exploratory survey. JALT Journal 30(1), 27-50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37546/JALTJJ30.1-2

O'Donnell, K. (2003). Uncovering first year students' language learning experiences, attitudes, and motivations in a context of change at the tertiary level of education. JALT Journal 25(1), 31-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37546/JALTJJ25.1-2

Richards, C. (2004). From old to new learning: global imperatives, exemplary Asian dilemmas and ICT as a key to cultural change in education. Globalisation, Societies and Education 2(3), 337-353. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1476772042000252470

Seargeant, P. (2009). The idea of English in Japan: ideology and the evolution of a global language. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21832/9781847692030

Stewart, A. & Miyahara, M. (2011). Parallel universes: globalization and identity in English language teaching at a Japanese university. In P. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230306196_4

Seargeant (Ed.), English in Japan in the era of globalization (pp. 60-79). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

The Council on Promotion of Human Resource for Globalization Development. (2011). An interim report of the Council on Promotion of Human Resource for Globalization Development. Retrieved August 24, 2013, from http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/global/1206011interim_report.pdf

The Guardian. (2013, April 22). Multiculturalism has won the day. Let's move on. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/apr/22/multiculturalism-won-uk-move-on

The Japan Times. (2013, June 16). Too many inward-looking students. The Japan Times. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2013/06/16/editorials/too-many-inward-looking-students/#.UtsjU02CiUk

Toivonen, T. and Imoto, Y. (2012). Making sense of youth problems. In R. Goodman, Imoto, Y. and Toivonen, T. (Eds.), A sociology of Japanese youth: from returnees to NEETs (pp. 1-29).London: Routledge.

Whitsed, C. & Volet, S. (2011). Fostering the intercultural dimensions of internationalisation in higher education: metaphors and challenges in the Japanese context. Journal of Studies in International Education 15(2), 146-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1028315309357941 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315309357941

Whitsed, C. & Wright, P. (2011). Perspectives from within: adjunct, foreign, English-language teachers in the internationalization of Japanese universities. Journal of Research in International Education 10(1), 28-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1475240910396332 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1475240910396332

Yamagami, M & Tollefson, J. W. (2011). Elite discourses of globalization in Japan: the role of English. In P. Seargeant (Ed.), English in Japan in the era of globalization (pp. 15-37).Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230306196_2

Yano, Y. (2011). English as an international language and 'Japanese English'. In P. Seargeant (Ed.), English in Japan in the era of globalization (pp. 125-142). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230306196_7


Liang Morita
(Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Liang Morita, Faculty of Communication Nagoya University of Commerce and Business

Liang Morita was trained in sociolinguistics in Singapore and Britain before taking up a position in Thailand teaching and researching the Thai Chinese. She taught in Nagoya University for 10 years and in 2014 was appointed Professor at the Faculty of Communication at Nagoya University of Commerce and Business.

Morita, L. (2014). Factors contributing to low levels of intercultural interaction between Japanese and international students in Japan. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 14(3), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v14i3.681

Article Details

Smart Citations via scite_