Environmental Impact on Relapse and Motivation Recovery Among Drug Addicts

Asbah Razali (1) , Norhidayah Pauzi (2) , Ravindaran A/L Maraya (3) , Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen (4) , Nur Azah Razali (5) , Muhammad Luqman (6)
(1) Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University Malaya, Malaysia , Malaysia
(2) Department of Fiqh and Usul, University Malaya, Malaysia , Malaysia
(3) Department of Indian Studies, University Malaya, Malaysia , Malaysia
(4) Department of Media and Communication Studies, University Malaya , Malaysia
(5) Department of Social Science, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia , Malaysia
(6) Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University Malaya, Malaysia , Malaysia


Drug abuse has been proven to be a mental disorder because of the heavy intake of substances usage controlled by the environment. Environmental factors play a significant role in drug addiction and recovery. However, there is a knowledge gap regarding environmental factors contributing to relapse and hinder motivation for recovery among drug addicts in Malaysia. Therefore, the objective of this research is to find out the impact of the environment on drug relapse and motivation recovery in former addicts. For this purpose, a cross-sectional research design was utilized whereby a self-administered questionnaire was randomly distributed among 50 Malaysian drug addicts. Data were analysed through IBM SPSS software version 25.0, and the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) approach supported by Smart-PLS 3.3 to analyse the research model. The findings of the study indicated that the environment significantly impacts motivation recovery and relapse. Furthermore, the positive environment influences motivation for recovery in former addicts and pushes the addicts to relapse after rehabilitation. The study will provide insights into the environmental factors that contribute to drug addiction and relapse in Malaysia.

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Asbah Razali
Norhidayah Pauzi
da_my85@um.edu.my (Primary Contact)
Ravindaran A/L Maraya
Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen
Nur Azah Razali
Muhammad Luqman
Author Biographies

Asbah Razali, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University Malaya, Malaysia

Asbah Razali is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology Faculty of Art and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, specializing in Developmental Psychology. More specifically, her work aims to address the areas such as addiction, psychosocial problems, substance abuse, and high-risk behavior among adolescents.

Norhidayah Pauzi, Department of Fiqh and Usul, University Malaya, Malaysia

Norhidayah Pauzi is a senior lecturer at the Department of Fiqh and Usul at the Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya (UM). Her area of expertise is Usul Fiqh/Principle of Islamic Jurisprudence, Islamic Consumerism, and Contemporary Fiqh.

Ravindaran A/L Maraya, Department of Indian Studies, University Malaya, Malaysia

Ravindran Maraya is currently a Senior Lecturer at the Department of the Indian Studies University of Malaya. His main areas of research interest are Modern Tamil Literature and Tamil Diaspora Literature.

Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen, Department of Media and Communication Studies, University Malaya

Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen is a senior lecturer at the Department of Media and Communication Studies at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya (UM). Her research expertise includes media studies, broadcasting, film, and cultural studies.

Nur Azah Razali, Department of Social Science, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia

Nur Azah Razali is currently a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Social Science, Centre for General Studies and Co-curricular, University Tun Hussein Onn, Johor. Her area of expertise is Political Sciences and Public Policy.
Razali, A., Pauzi, N., A/L Maraya, R., Shamshudeen, R. I., Razali, N. A., & Luqman, M. (2023). Environmental Impact on Relapse and Motivation Recovery Among Drug Addicts. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 23(3), 28–42. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v23i3.122

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