Social Network Analysis of Basic Necessity Scarcity on Twitter: Evidence from Indonesia

Dyah Gandasari (1), Diena Dwidienawati Tjiptadi (2), David Tjahjana (3), Mochamad Sugiarto (4), Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo (5)
(1) Department of Animal Husbandry, Polbangtan Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia, Indonesia,
(2) Department of Business Management, BINUS Business School, BINUS University, Indonesia, Indonesia,
(3) Department of Information Technology, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara, Indonesia, Indonesia,
(4) Department of Social and Economic, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia,
(5) Departemen SKPM, IPB University, Indonesia


The scarcity of basic necessities, a popular discussion topic in Indonesia, poses significant challenges to the citizens. Indonesians frequently comment on the issue on social media, including Twitter, which is perceived as a democratic public space to express opinions, interests, and information discursively in establishing communications as part of intercultural dialogues. The current study aims to analyse relevant communication networks and content regarding the topic of fundamental necessity scarcity in Indonesia on Twitter. Specifically, a cross-sectional design was employed with social network analysis (SNA) and content analysis (CA) conducted on public Twitter accounts. The study discovered a low communication intensity between nodes due to the existing dominance of several central actors. Simultaneously, the most frequently employed words were food, oil, cooking, the task force, and the hashtag phrase “punishthehoardersofcookingoil”. Auto-coded sentiment results demonstrated 8,963 references at neutral levels, 566 with moderately negative degrees, 500 with high negative levels, 90 with moderately positive, and 21 with highly positive degrees. The findings propounded that Twitter is an online public space, allowing autonomous and unrestricted debates on pertinent topics.

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Dyah Gandasari (Primary Contact)
Diena Dwidienawati Tjiptadi
David Tjahjana
Mochamad Sugiarto
Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo
Author Biographies

Dyah Gandasari, Department of Animal Husbandry, Polbangtan Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia

She completed her bachelor's degree as Bachelor's in Agriculture from Institute Pertanian Bogor (IPB).  She holds her master's degree in Agribusiness Management from Magister Management Agribisnis IPB.  Her doctoral degree in Communication was obtained Doctoral Program in IPB.  Currently, she is a faculty member at Polbangtan Bogor. Her main research of interest includes Human Communication,  Communication Development, Social Communication and New Media, Information and Communication Technology, and Organizational Behavior.

Diena Dwidienawati Tjiptadi, Department of Business Management, BINUS Business School, BINUS University, Indonesia

Currently, she is working as Head of the Program of Business Management BINUS Business School Undergraduate Program, Bina Nusantara University. Interest in research and areas of expertise are in digital business, business development, leadership, strategic management and marketing management.

David Tjahjana, Department of Information Technology, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara, Indonesia

He obtained his Doctorate in 2020 with a Cum Laude predicate for a 2.5-year study period with dissertation research related to frugal innovation, digital business and family business. David started his career as a programmer analyst to a professional career of 20 years in the Fast-Food, American Franchise company at Dunkin' Donuts Corporation and D2 Bakery. David has been at the level of Commissioner and General Manager: GM Administration and Finance and GM Operations and Marketing (D2 Bakery & Home-Made Bakery); Level Manager as IT Manager, HR Manager, and Business Development ATM room; David once served as Director of the UPH Postgraduate program, running a business as President Director of “Kuali Mamaku” & “Home Baked Bakery”. David is experienced in the field of Education, being a Binus Lecturer from 1999-2000, a Home-based Lecturer at UMN (S1 & S2) from 2014 until now, and a Binu's Lecturer (S1 & S2) from 2020 until now.

Mochamad Sugiarto, Department of Social and Economic, Jenderal Soedirman University

He obtained a Master of Management (MM) degree at the College of Economics and Management, University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB). In 2006 he obtained his Doctorate (PhD) at the Department of Community Development, College of Public Affairs, UPLB. The author focuses his research on institutional management, agribusiness, and community development. Currently assigned as Vice Dean for General Affairs and Finance, Faculty of Animal Science, UNSOED (2021-2025). The author is active as Secretary General of the Association of Indonesian Animal Husbandry Socio-Economic Scientists (PERSEPSI) in 2017-2021, 2022-2026.

Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo, Departemen SKPM, IPB University

She completed her bachelor's degree in the Agricultural Extension Study program of IPB University (1986). Master's Degree in Rural Sociology from IPB University (1993), and Doctoral Degree in Communication Studies Program, University of Indonesia (2007). Currently she is a faculty member in SKPM Department–FEMA, IPB University. Lecturer at IPB University. Her discipline in Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology, and Clinical Psychology. Her Skills and expertise in Communication, Media Studies, Communication Theory, Social Communication and New Media Technology. She has published more than 50 publications.

Gandasari, D., Tjiptadi, D. D., Tjahjana, D., Sugiarto, M., & Sarwoprasodjo, S. (2023). Social Network Analysis of Basic Necessity Scarcity on Twitter: Evidence from Indonesia. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 23(2), 01–12.

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