Developing An Intercultural Competence Instrument In Foreign Language Teaching Context: A Study Of Chinese Students Of Spanish As A Foreign Language

Tzu Yiu Chen (1)
(1) Faculty of Philology and Communication, Barcelona University, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585, 08007, Barcelona, Spain, Spain


The present study aims to develop an intercultural competence (IC) instrument for Chinese students of Spanish as a Foreign Language (SFL). In order to do so, we took steps to modify the statements and confirm the validity of the IC instrument. The new instrument was validated by using exploratory factor analysis through a self-report methodology. The results showed that the instrument possessed adequate validity and reliability. The 28-item scale identified seven personal traits for the development of intercultural competence: attentiveness and willingness to interact; respect for cultural differences; interaction confidence; interaction enjoyment; non-verbal communication and behavior; cultural elements; and non-verbal aspects in verbal communication. The internal consistency of the scale was found to be adequate. Therefore, the newly constructed scale is valid and reliable for use in Chinese cultural settings.

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Tzu Yiu Chen (Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Tzu Yiu Chen, Faculty of Philology and Communication, Barcelona University, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585, 08007, Barcelona, Spain

Tzu-Yiu Chen (PhD., Autonomous University of Barcelona) is Visiting Professor of Chinese at the Faculty of Philology and Communication of Barcelona University, Spain. She also works as a Chinese teacher at the Confucius Institute Foundation of Barcelona.  Her research focuses on Spanish as a Foreign Language of Chinese students, especially on intercultural communication.

Chen, T. Y. (2022). Developing An Intercultural Competence Instrument In Foreign Language Teaching Context: A Study Of Chinese Students Of Spanish As A Foreign Language. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 22(4), 44–55.

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