The Mediating Role of Normative Beliefs about Aggression on the Relationship between Violent Digital Games and Students’ Aggressive Behaviour

Mohammad Eneizat (1), Obaidah Alrababah (2), Mikhled Alnawafah (3)
(1) Faculty of Media, Zarqa University, Jordan,
(2) Faculty of Communication, University of Petra, Jordan,
(3) Faculty of Communication, University of Petra, Jordan


Many adolescents are exposed to violent content in digital games due to their widespread use. Aggression among students is becoming more common throughout the world, including in Jordan. In light of this, the study explored how exposure to violent digital games influences students' aggression. Normative beliefs about aggression (NBAA) are also discussed based on the prediction that this variable mediates the relationships between violent digital games and aggressive behaviour (AB). A cross-sectional study design with 347 randomly selected individuals from Jordanian schools was analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences to examine the relationships between variables. The results showed that NBAA and digital games were directly related to AB, and NBAA partially mediated the relationships between violent digital games and AB. This study concluded that violent content in digital games increased aggression. Furthermore, insights were provided into the mechanism behind the impacts of violent digital games on adolescent aggression and suggestions were offered to mitigate aggression.

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Mohammad Eneizat (Primary Contact)
Obaidah Alrababah
Mikhled Alnawafah
Author Biographies

Mohammad Eneizat, Faculty of Media, Zarqa University

Mohammad Fawwaz Eneizat is an Assistant professor in the faculty of media, Department of Digital Media. He received his Bachelor's degree in Radio and Television from Yarmouk University, Jordan and a master's degree in Media from Yarmouk University, Jordan. He had a PhD in Media and Communication from Universiti Utara Malaysia. His research interests are looking at the impact of media violence on individuals' violent and aggressive behaviour.

Obaidah Alrababah, Faculty of Communication, University of Petra

Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Communication, University of Petra, Department of Digital Media. He holds a doctorate degree in Radio and Television/Digital Media from Cairo University and holds a certificate to practice academic work from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. He has experience in university teaching for the bachelor’s program, in addition to experience in Television presenting, editing, training, news management, editing, directing, and design, looking to expand his horizons and develop expertise.

Mikhled Alnawafah, Faculty of Communication, University of Petra

Assistant professor at the Faculty of Communication, University of Petra, Department of Digital Media. He holds a doctorate in media sciences, digital media communication, and public relations from the University of Manobah's Institute of Journalism and Media Sciences and a certificate of academic performance from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.

Eneizat, M., Alrababah, O., & Alnawafah, M. The Mediating Role of Normative Beliefs about Aggression on the Relationship between Violent Digital Games and Students’ Aggressive Behaviour. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 24(3), 1–10.

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