Minority Groups and Communication Apprehension An investigation of Kurdistan

Diyako Rahmani (1) , Stephen M. Croucher (2)
(1) University of Jyväskylä Department of Communication , Finland
(2) University of Jyväskylä Department of Communication , Finland


This study explores communication apprehension among the Iranian Kurdish minority group. Based on a sample of 157 self-administered surveys, the study investigates the relative communication apprehension (CA) score of Iranian Kurds and the influence of sex, age, and education on CA. Results revealed Kurds are relatively less apprehensive than many other cultures. It was also revealed that women have significantly higher levels of dyadic, public, and total CA. Moreover, all CA contexts (dyadic, groups, meeting, and public) and total CA tended to increase after grade 9 and decrease after completing high school. Age however, only had a modest effect on meeting CA. The findings propose higher levels of social encounters reduce the amount of CA among Kurds. Implications, limitations, and areas of future research are posited.

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Diyako Rahmani
diyako.rahmani@jyu.fi (Primary Contact)
Stephen M. Croucher
Author Biographies

Diyako Rahmani, University of Jyväskylä Department of Communication

Diyako Rahmani is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä.

Stephen M. Croucher, University of Jyväskylä Department of Communication

Stephen M. Croucher (PhD, University of Oklahoma, 2006) is a Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Jyväskylä.

Rahmani, D., & Croucher, S. M. (2017). Minority Groups and Communication Apprehension An investigation of Kurdistan. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 17(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v17i1.732

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