Headlines and Hegemony: Unraveling Ideological Narratives in Arab and Western Media's Portrayal of Arab Women

Bushra Sabah (1) , Azianura Hani Shaari (2) , Ashinida Aladdin (3)
(1) English Department, Faculty of Arts, University of Thi Qar, Nassiriyah, Iraq , Iraq
(2) Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) , Malaysia
(3) Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, the National University of Malaysia(UKM), Bangi, Malaysia , Malaysia

Abstract

This study investigates the ideologies and strategies used in the news discourse on Arab women. Initially, it aims to analyze the macro strategies and then highlights the micro strategies used to achieve the macro strategies proposed by van Dijk. It also identifies the ideologies of the selected newspapers regarding Arab women. Four newspapers were selected: the Washington Post, Daily Mail, Arab newspaper, and Gulf Times. The findings reveal that the selected newspapers employed four macro-strategies. It was also found that the selected newspapers employed ten micro strategies to achieve the four macro strategies. More importantly, the analysis showed that the selected newspapers had different ideologies. For instance, the ideologies of Arab newspapers include defending the stand of Arab regimes and Islam regarding women’s rights. However, the ideologies embraced by Western newspapers encompass the promotion of Arab women's advocacy for enhanced rights, urging Western authorities to impose sanctions on Arab nations that do not uphold women's rights and advocate for their governments to sever diplomatic ties with countries that fail to ensure adequate rights for women.

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Authors

Bushra Sabah
Azianura Hani Shaari
Ashinida Aladdin
ashi@ukm.edu.my (Primary Contact)
Author Biographies

Bushra Sabah, English Department, Faculty of Arts, University of Thi Qar, Nassiriyah, Iraq

Bushra Khalaf Edam is a Ph.D. student at the Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, the National University of Malaysia. My teaching and research background is related to language and Linguistics, especially in the area of Sociolinguistics, culture, and gender.

Azianura Hani Shaari, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)

Azianura Hani Shaari (PhD) is a Senior Lecturer at the Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, the National University of Malaysia. Her teaching and research background are related to language as a primary tool for expression and communication. This includes the many areas of Sociolinguistics, culture, gender, and other language and crime-related concerns.  She has attempted to find a balance between theoretical and empirical linguistic knowledge ever since she began researching the unique and universal patterns of language use in various communication settings, how language is acquired, and the ways it changes over time. Her interest in Sociolinguistics has helped her better understand the students as well as the communities she works in. Dr Azianura Hani has received several awards throughout her career, written more than five books, and published many articles in both local and international journals.

Ashinida Aladdin, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, the National University of Malaysia(UKM), Bangi, Malaysia

Ashinida Aladdin, PhD is an associate professor at the Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University Kebangsaan Malaysia. Her areas of interest include the Arabic language.

Sabah, B., Hani Shaari, A., & Aladdin, A. (2023). Headlines and Hegemony: Unraveling Ideological Narratives in Arab and Western Media’s Portrayal of Arab Women. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 23(4), 82–94. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v23i4.315

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